Showing posts with label Durco. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Durco. Show all posts

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

A Process Industry Stalwart - The Plug Valve

Flowserve Durco lubricated plug valve
Lubricated plug valve.
(Flowserve Durco)
This article will focus on one of the oldest and most reliable (when properly applied) industrial valve types - the plug valve.

Fluid process control operations commonly employ pumps, piping, tanks and valves as the means of transporting, containing and controlling the fluid movement through a system.

Valves, of which there are many types, provide control over the flow rate, direction and routing of fluids in a processing operation. Flow can be started, stopped or modulated between zero and full rate using a properly sized and configured valve. Some valves enable media flow to be diverted to a selection of outlets, in lieu of a single inlet and outlet pair. Specialized valves regulate inlet or outlet pressure, or prevent fluid flow from going in an undesirable direction. All of these capabilities are packaged into differing valve product offerings that present a very large selection array to a process designer or engineer.

Floserve Durco non-lubricated plug valve
Non-lubricated plug valve.
(Flowserve Durco)
Industrial flow control valve types are generally classified according to the structure or arrangement contained within the valve body that provides obstruction to fluid flow. Some of the common types are ball, butterfly, gate, globe, and plug. Surely, there are more valve types, and this article is not intended to list them all. Some of our previous blogs have discussed selection considerations for gate, ball and butterfly valves.

Plug valves, like ball and butterfly valves, span from fully open to fully closed positions with a shaft rotation of 90 degrees. The “plug” in a plug valve is installed in the flow path within the valve body and rotated by means of a stem or shaft extending to the exterior of the body. Plugs are tapered toward the bottom and are fitted to a seating surface in the valve body cavity that prevents fluid from bypassing the plug. An opening through the plug, the port, can be shaped to provide particular flow characteristics. There are two main types of basic plug, lubricated and non-lubricated. Lubricated plug valves have a cavity into which a sealant is injected. The sealant provides a renewable seal between the plug and the body, prevents internal leakage, and protects the seating surfaces against corrosion. Non-lubricated plug valves utilize an elastomeric body liner or a sleeve in the body cavity that is pressed in to the body of the valve by the plug's wedge-like shape,  with the result of reducing the friction between the plug and the body.

Plug valve considerations:
  • 90 degree rotation from open to closed provides fast operation.
  • With proper configuration, can be well suited for frequent operation.
  • Availability of corrosion resistant liner may provide comparative cost savings because valve body can be constructed of less expensive material.
  • Design is simple and employs a low parts count.
  • Valve can be serviced in place.
  • Generally, low resistance to flow when fully open.
  • Reliable leak-tight service due to tapered plug wedging action, replaceable sleeve, and injection of lubricant in some variants.
  • Potential issues of concern for plug valve application include a short list of items.
  • Higher friction in the plug closure mechanism may require comparatively higher operating torque than other valve types.
  • Without a specially designed plug, generally not well suited for throttling applications.
  • Rapid shutoff delivered by plug design may not be suitable for some applications where hammering may occur.
Share your fluid control application challenges with a valve and automation specialist. Leverage your own knowledge and experience with their product application expertise to develop an effective solution.

Friday, June 23, 2017

Lined Industrial Valves for Corrosive Service

Lined Durco Plug Valves
Lined Plug Valves
(courtesy of Flowserve Durco)
Lined valves use a fluoropolymer, plastic, or ceramic lining applied to all wetted internal parts of the valve.

Lined valves combine the excellent mechanical properties of metallic bodies with the corrosion resistance of fluorocarbons, such as PFA and PTFE.

Lining the intricately shaped inside surfaces of a valve is certainly an engineering challenge, especially to achieve a uniform thickness and the highest lining quality, without cavities or inclusions.

Lined Valves
Lined ball and swing check valve
(courtesy of Flowserve Atomac)
The special lining process guarantees tight bonding between the lining and the inside of the body.
This effectively prevents the lining from shearing off the body in part or being removed completely.

Ideal applications include highly corrosive applications within the chemical processing industry such as sulfuric and hydrochloric acid.

Lined valves are ideally suited for corrosive applications, requiring very reliable performance, tight shutoff, constant torque and no maintenance. These valves have gained extensive usage in many industries including power generation, pulp and paper, refineries, chemical process, pharmaceutical/bioprocessing and pollution control.

For more information on lined valves, visit Swanson Flo at http://www.swansonflo.com or call 800-288-7926.